San Miguel De Allende – is a beautiful town with cobbled streets and houses in colonial style, in 2008, it was included in the UNESCO World Heritage List.
The charm of the city – is not only in historic buildings and churches, but also in its bohemian spirit. Here, there are many artists and poets, and the number of art galleries outnumbers restaurants and coffee houses. Many tourists are also attracted by the hot springs are located around the city. Town charm appreciates not only Mexicans – according to statistics, in San Miguel de Allende is home to about 10,000 foreigners (Americans, Canadians and Europeans).
The history of San Miguel De Allende
San Miguel De Allende founded in 1542, a Franciscan monk Juan De San Miguel. After a few years of the settlement of San Miguel became a provincial town, which was renamed San Miguel El Grande. In the colonial era are settled, rich owners of land mines and Guanajuato and Zacatecas. Near the town there was a “Silver Road” leading from the silver mines of Zacatecas to Mexico City. In order to protect this way, in 1555, was stationed in the military garrison.
During the War of Independence, the city made famous born here Ignacio Allende, one of the leaders of the uprising. In 1811, Allende was captured and shot in Chihuahua. After the victory over the Spanish, the city decided to name in honor of the national hero. Since, San Miguel El Grande has turned into San Miguel De Allende.
San Miguel De Allende Attractions
In 1951, the city opened a School of Arts (Escuela De Bellas Artes), where students come from all over the country. The historic city center is small, easy to navigate. In the center is the main area of Hardin (El Jardin), around it there is a large part of the attractions and tourist office.
The pink towers of the Archangel Michael’s Church (Parroquia De San Miguel Arcangel) rise upon the square. Facade with pinnacles (decorative turrets) in the Gothic Revival style designed by local architect Zeferino Gitierres at the end of XIX century.
To the left of the church is the Historical Museum of San Miguel De Allende (Museo Historico De San Miguel De Allende), located in the house where Ignacio Allende lived. The exhibits of the museum tell the history of the city, the struggle for the independence of Mexico and the life of the A Liendo. Above the entrance to the house – the inscription in Latin: Hic natus unique notus (“born here, a well-known”).
House Mayorazgo De Canal (CASA De Mayorazgo De Canal) – is an old house on the corner of Hidalgo (Hidalgo) and Canal (Kana miles). It is now a branch of the bank Banamex. The house, built in the XVIII century in neo-classical style with elements of the late Baroque, considered one of the most beautiful in the city. Canal Street entrance is decorated with wooden door covered with openwork carving. You can explore the interiors of the house during the hours of operation of the bank.
One block from the main square is the Church of San Francisco (Templo De San Francisco, XVIII c.) With carved façade, Churrigueresque. Near the chapel tertiary (Capilla De la Tercera Orden, XVIII c.), Which, together with the church of St. Francis, was once part of a Franciscan monastery. On the facade of the chapel you can see the images and symbols of the Franciscan Order of St. Francis.
To the north of the church of San Francisco street Loreto starts, leading to the Civica square, where stands the church of St. Philip Neri (Oratorio De San Felipe Neri, 1712). The church is decorated with towers and domes, the facade of pale pink sandstone decorated in baroque style with the addition of local plant motifs. The church puts up 33 paintings, which depict scenes from the life of St. Florence.
Near the church of St. Philip Neri is an unusual church of Nuestra Señora De la Salud (Nuestra Señora De la Salud). The concave facade in the style Churrigueresque is crowning ornament in the shape of a huge shell. Inside the stored image of St.. Francis Xavier, one of the founders of the Jesuit order, written in the middle of the XVIII century painter Miguel Cabrera, who came from the tribe of the Zapotec.
In the southeast of the city, near the park of Benito Juarez, there is an observation deck, which offers fantastic views of the city. Go to the park, favorite vacation spot of locals is street Kallehon Del Chorro.
Around San Miguel De Allende is many hot springs around which planted gardens, swimming pools are built and equipped with a place to stay. Most of the sources are in the north of the city. The most visited of them – Toboada in 8 km to the north of the city, where there is a 50-meter swimming pool with hot water, located near the source of Hoth (Balneario Xote) and Escondido (Escondido Place) with six outdoor pools and three closed pools with different temperatures.